Publications

2019

114.
Harpaz N. K., Ungarish D., Hatsopoulos N. G. & Flash T. (2019). Movement Decomposition in the Primary Motor Cortex.  Cerebral Cortex. 29:(4)1619-1633.  Abstract
113.
Israeli-Korn S. D., Barliya A., Paquette C., Franzen E., Inzelberg R., Horak F. B. & Flash T. (2019). Intersegmental coordination patterns are differently affected in Parkinson's disease and cerebellar ataxia.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 121:(2)672-689.  Abstract
112.
T Flash, M Karklinsky, R Fuchs, A Berthoz, D Bennequin, Y Meirovitch (2019). Motor Compositionality and Timing: Combined Geometrical and Optimization Approaches.  Biomechanics of Anthropomorphic Systems, . 155-184.

2018

111.
Dayan E., Barliya A., De Gelder B., Hendler T., Malach R. & Flash T. (2018). Motion cues modulate responses to emotion in movies.  Scientific Reports. 8.  Abstract
110.
Zago M., Matic A., Flash T., Gomez-Marin A. & Lacquaniti F. (2018). The speed-curvature power law of movements: a reappraisal.  Experimental Brain Research. 236:(1)69-82.  Abstract
109.
Sd Israeli-Korn, A Barliya, C Paquette, E FranzéN, R Inzelberg, Fb Horak, T. Flash (2018). Intersegmental coordination patterns are differently affected in Parkinson’s disease and cerebellar ataxia.  Journal of neurophysiology . 121 (2):672-689.
108.
Eran Dayan, Avi Barliya, Beatrice De Gelder, Talma Hendler, Rafael Malach, Tamar Flash (2018). Motion cues modulate responses to emotion in movies.  Scientific reports . 8 (1):10881.
107.
Naama Kadmon Harpaz ,David Ungarish, Nicholas G Hatsopoulos, Tamar Flash (2018). Movement Decomposition in the Primary Motor Cortex.  Cerebral Cortex. (New York, NY:1991.

2017

106.
Kohen D., Karklinsky M., Meirovitch Y., Flash T. & Shmuelof L. (2017). The Effects of Reducing Preparation Time on the Execution of Intentionally Curved Trajectories: Optimization and Geometrical Analysis.  Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 11.  Abstract

2016

105.
Flash T. & Bizzi E. (2016). Cortical circuits and modules in movement generation: experiments and theories.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 41:174-178.  Abstract
104.
Meirovitch Y., Bennequin D. & Flash T. (2016). Geometrical Invariance and Smoothness Maximization for Task-Space Movement Generation.  IEEE Transactions on Robotics. 32:(4)837-853.  Abstract
103.
Inzelberg R., Plotnik M., Harpaz N. K. & Flash T. (2016). Micrographia, much beyond the writer's hand.  Parkinsonism & Related Disorders. 26:1-9.  Abstract
102.
Dayan E., Sella I., Mukovskiy A., Douek Y., Giese M. A., Malach R. & Flash T. (2016). The Default Mode Network Differentiates Biological From Non-Biological Motion.  Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991). 26:(1)234-45.  Abstract
101.
Tamar Flash, Emilio Bizzi (2016). Cortical circuits and modules in movement generation: experiments and theories.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology . 41: 174-178.
100.
M Karklinsky, M Naveau, A Mukovskiy, O Stasse, T Flash, P Soueres (2016). Robust human-inspired power law trajectories for humanoid HRP-2 robot.  Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob), 2016 6th IEEE.
99.
Karklinsky M., Naveau M., Mukovskiy A., Stasse O., Flash T. & Soueres P. (2016). Robust human-inspired power law trajectories for humanoid HRP-2 robot.  2016 6th Ieee International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (Biorob). 106-113.  Abstract

2015

98.
Hanassy S., Botvinnik A., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2015). Stereotypical reaching movements of the octopus involve both bend propagation and arm elongation.  Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. 10:(3)  Abstract
97.
Levy G., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2015). Arm Coordination in Octopus Crawling Involves Unique Motor Control Strategies.  Current Biology. 25:(9)1195-1200.  Abstract
96.
Karklinsky M. & Flash T. (2015). Timing of continuous motor imagery: the two-thirds power law originates in trajectory planning.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 113:(7)2490-2499.  Abstract
95.
Zeharia N., Hertz U., Flash T. & Amedi A. (2015). New Whole-Body Sensory-Motor Gradients Revealed Using Phase-Locked Analysis and Verified Using Multivoxel Pattern Analysis and Functional Connectivity.  Journal of Neuroscience. 35:(7)2845-2859.  Abstract
94.
Meirovitch Y., Dayan E., Harris H., Arieli A. & Flash T. (2015). Alpha and Beta Band Event-Related Desynchronization Reflects Kinematic Regularities.  Journal of Neuroscience. 35:(4)1627-1637.  Abstract
93.
Davella A., Giese M., Ivanenko Y., Schack T. & Flash T. (2015). Editorial: Modularity in motor control: From muscle synergies to cognitive action representation.  Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 9:(OCT)  Abstract

2014

92.
Sosnik R., Flash T., Sterkin A., Hauptmann B. & Karni A. (2014). The activity in the contralateral primary motor cortex, dorsal premotor and supplementary motor area is modulated by performance gains.  Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8.  Abstract
91.
Harpaz N. K., Flash T. & Dinstein I. (2014). Scale-Invariant Movement Encoding in the Human Motor System.  Neuron. 81:(2)452-462.  Abstract
90.
Raz G., Jacob Y., Gonen T., Winetraub Y., Flash T., Soreq E. & Hendler T. (2014). Cry for her or cry with her: context-dependent dissociation of two modes of cinematic empathy reflected in network cohesion dynamics.  Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 9:(1)30-38.  Abstract
89.
Maoz U. & Flash T. (2014). Spatial constant equi-affine speed and motion perception.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 111:(2)336-349.  Abstract

2013

88.
Abeles M., Diesmann M., Flash T., Geisel T., Herrmann M. & Teicher M. (2013). Compositionality in neural control: an interdisciplinary study of scribbling movements in primates.  Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 7.  Abstract
87.
Endres D., Meirovitch Y., Flash T. & Giese M. A. (2013). Segmenting sign language into motor primitives with Bayesian binning.  Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 7.  Abstract
86.
Zelman I., Titon M., Yekutieli Y., Hanassy S., Hochner B. & Flash T. (2013). Kinematic decomposition and classification of octopus arm movements.  Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 7.  Abstract
85.
Flash T., Meirovitch Y. & Barliya A. (2013). Models of human movement: Trajectory planning and inverse kinematics studies.  Robotics and Autonomous Systems. 61:(4)330-339.  Abstract
84.
Barliya A., Omlor L., Giese M. A., Berthoz A. & Flash T. (2013). Expression of emotion in the kinematics of locomotion.  Experimental Brain Research. 225:(2)159-176.  Abstract

2012

83.
Zeharia N., Hertz U., Flash T. & Amedi A. (2012). Negative blood oxygenation level dependent homunculus and somatotopic information in primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 109:(45)18565-18570.  Abstract
82.
Inzelberg R., Flash T. & Dayan E. (2012). Altered Perceptual Sensitivity to Kinematic Invariants in Parkinson's Disease.  PLoS One. 7:(2)  Abstract

2011

81.
Biess A., Flash T. & Liebermann D. G. (2011). Riemannian geometric approach to human arm dynamics, movement optimization, and invariance.  Physical Review E. 83:(3)  Abstract

2010

80.
Casile A., Dayan E., Caggiano V., Hendler T., Flash T. & Giese M. A. (2010). Neuronal Encoding of Human Kinematic Invariants during Action Observation.  Cerebral Cortex. 20:(7)1647-1655.  Abstract

2009

79.
Zullo L., Sumbre G., Agnisola C., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2009). Nonsomatotopic Organization of the Higher Motor Centers in Octopus.  Current Biology. 19:(19)1632-1636.  Abstract
78.
Zelman I., Galun M., Akselrod-Ballin A., Yekutieli Y., Hochner B. & Flash T. (2009). Nearly automatic motion capture system for tracking octopus arm movements in 3D space.  Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 182:(1)97-109.  Abstract
77.
Polyakov F., Drori R., Ben-Shaul Y., Abeles M. & Flash T. (2009). A Compact Representation of Drawing Movements with Sequences of Parabolic Primitives.  PLoS Computational Biology. 5:(7)  Abstract
76.
Bennequin D., Fuchs R., Berthoz A. & Flash T. (2009). Movement Timing and Invariance Arise from Several Geometries.  PLoS Computational Biology. 5:(7)  Abstract
75.
Friedman J. & Flash T. (2009). Trajectory of the index finger during grasping.  Experimental Brain Research. 196:(4)497-509.  Abstract
74.
Tankus A., Yeshurun Y., Flash T. & Fried I. (2009). Encoding of speed and direction of movement in the human supplementary motor area.  Journal of Neurosurgery. 110:(6)1304-1316.  Abstract
73.
Newell K. M., Kelso J. A. S., Marteniuk R., Wing A., Lee W., Zelaznik H. N., Goodale M. A., Flash T., Corcos D. M., Heuer H., Lee T., Swinnen S. P., Sternad D., Carson R. & Sainburg B. (2009). Tribute to Betty S. Adelman.  Journal of Motor Behavior. 41:(3)284-285.
72.
Pollick F. E., Maoz U., Handzel A. A., Giblin P. J., Sapiro G. & Flash T. (2009). Three-dimensional arm movements at constant equi-affine speed.  Cortex. 45:(3)325-339.  Abstract
71.
Hauptmann B., Sosnik R., Smikt O., Okon E., Manor D., Kushnir T., Flash T. & Karni A. (2009). A new method to record and control for 2D-movement kinematics during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).  Cortex. 45:(3)407-417.  Abstract
70.
Barliya A., Omlor L., Giese M. A. & Flash T. (2009). An analytical formulation of the law of intersegmental coordination during human locomotion.  Experimental Brain Research. 193:(3)371-385.  Abstract
69.
Trojano L., Grossi D. & Flash T. (2009). Cognitive neuroscience of drawing: Contributions of neuropsychological, experimental and neurofunctional studies.  Cortex. 45:(3)269-277.
68.
Noy L., Rumiati R. I. & Flash T. (2009). Simple movement imitation: Are kinematic features sufficient to map perceptions into actions?.  Brain and Cognition. 69:(2)360-368.  Abstract
67.
Maoz U., Berthoz A. & Flash T. (2009). Complex Unconstrained Three-Dimensional Hand Movement and Constant Equi-Affine Speed.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 101:(2)1002-1015.  Abstract
66.
Polyakov F., Stark E., Drori R., Abeles M. & Flash T. (2009). Parabolic movement primitives and cortical states: merging optimality with geometric invariance.  Biological Cybernetics. 100:(2)159-184.  Abstract

2008

65.
Berman S., Liebermann D. G. & Flash T. (2008). Application of motor algebra to the analysis of human arm movements.  Robotica. 26:435-451.  Abstract

2007

64.
Dayan E., Casile A., Levit-Binnun N., Giese M. A., Hendler T. & Flash T. (2007). Neural representations of kinematic laws of motion: Evidence for action-perception coupling.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 104:(51)20582-20587.  Abstract
63.
Biess A., Liebermann D. G. & Flash T. (2007). A computational model for redundant human three-dimensional pointing movements: Integration of independent spatial and temporal motor plans simplifies movement dynamics.  Journal of Neuroscience. 27:(48)13045-13064.  Abstract
62.
Yekutieli Y., Mitelman R., Hochner B. & Flash T. (2007). Analyzing octopus movements using three-dimensional reconstruction.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 98:(3)1775-1790.  Abstract
61.
Flash T. & Handzel A. A. (2007). Affine differential geometry analysis of human arm movements.  Biological Cybernetics. 96:(6)577-601.  Abstract
60.
Friedman J. & Flash T. (2007). Task-dependent selection of grasp kinematics and stiffness in human object manipulation.  Cortex. 43:(3)444-460.  Abstract
59.
Sosnik R., Flash T., Hauptmann B. & Karni A. (2007). The acquisition and implementation of the smoothness maximization motion strategy is dependent on spatial accuracy demands.  Experimental Brain Research. 176:(2)311-331.  Abstract

2006

58.
Gutfreund Y., Matzner H., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2006). Patterns of motor activity in the isolated nerve cord of the octopus arm.  Biological Bulletin. 211:(3)212-222.  Abstract
57.
Biess A., Nagurka M. & Flash T. (2006). Simulating discrete and rhythmic multi-joint human arm movements by optimization of nonlinear performance indices.  Biological Cybernetics. 95:(1)31-53.  Abstract
56.
Israel I., Siegler I., Rivaud-Pechoux S., Gaymard B., Leboucher P., Ehrette M., Berthoz A., Pierrot-Deseilligny C. & Flash T. (2006). Reproduction of self-rotation duration.  Neuroscience Letters. 402:(3)244-248.  Abstract
55.
Levit-Binnun N., Schechtman E. & Flash T. (2006). On the similarities between the perception and production of elliptical trajectories.  Experimental Brain Research. 172:(4)533-555.  Abstract
54.
Liebermann D., Biess A., Friedman J., Gielen C. & Flash T. (2006). Intrinsic joint kinematic planning. I: Reassessing the Listing's law constraint in the control of three-dimensional arm movements.  Experimental Brain Research. 171:(2)139-154.  Abstract
53.
Liebermann D., Biess A., Gielen C. & Flash T. (2006). Intrinsic joint kinematic planning. II: Hand-path predictions based on a Listing's plane constraint.  Experimental Brain Research. 171:(2)155-173.  Abstract
52.
Sumbre G., Fiorito G., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2006). Octopuses use a human-like strategy to control precise point-to-point arm movements.  Current Biology. 16:(8)767-772.  Abstract

2005

51.
Flash T. & Hochner B. (2005). Motor primitives in vertebrates and invertebrates.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 15:(6)660-666.  Abstract
50.
Yekutieli Y., Sagiv-Zohar R., Hochner B. & Flash T. (2005). Dynamic model of the octopus arm. II. Control of reaching movements.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 94:(2)1459-1468.  Abstract
49.
Yekutieli Y., Sagiv-Zohar R., Aharonov R., Engel Y., Hochner B. & Flash T. (2005). Dynamic model of the octopus arm. I. Biomechanics of the octopus reaching movement.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 94:(2)1443-1458.  Abstract
48.
Hicheur H., Vieilledent S., Richardson M., Flash T. & Berthoz A. (2005). Velocity and curvature in human locomotion along complex curved paths: a comparison with hand movements.  Experimental Brain Research. 162:(2)145-154.  Abstract
47.
Sumbre G., Fiorito G., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2005). Motor control of flexible octopus arms.  Nature. 433:(7026)595-596.
46.
Korman M., Flash T. & Karni A. (2005). Resistance to interference and the emergence of delayed gains in newly acquired procedural memories: Synaptic and system consolidation?.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 28:(1)74-+.  Abstract
45.
Berman S., Friedman J. & Flash T. (2005). Object-action abstraction for teleoperation.  International Conference On Systems, Man And Cybernetics, Vol 1-4, Proceedings. 2631-2636.  Abstract

2004

44.
Sosnik R., Hauptmann B., Karni A. & Flash T. (2004). When practice leads to co-articulation: the evolution of geometrically defined movement primitives.  Experimental Brain Research. 156:(4)422-438.  Abstract

2003

43.
Korman M., Raz N., Flash T. & Karni A. (2003). Multiple shifts in the representation of a motor sequence during the acquisition of skilled performance.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100:(21)12492-12497.  Abstract
42.
Flash T. (2003). The control of motor behaviour in health & disease: Combining behavioral and computational approaches.  Psychiatric Neuroimaging. 348:84-92.  Abstract

2002

41.
Richardson M. & Flash T. (2002). Comparing smooth arm movements with the two-thirds power law and the related segmented-control hypothesis.  Journal of Neuroscience. 22:(18)8201-8211.  Abstract
40.
Vetter P., Flash T. & Wolpert D. (2002). Planning movements in a simple redundant task.  Current Biology. 12:(6)488-491.  Abstract

2001

39.
Inzelberg R., Flash T., Plotnik M., Schechtman E., Shahar I. & Korczyn A. (2001). Mental and motor switching in Parkinson's disease.  Journal of Motor Behavior. 33:(4)377-385.  Abstract
38.
Flash T. & Sejnowski T. (2001). Computational approaches to motor control.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 11:(6)655-662.  Abstract
37.
Sumbre G., Gutfreund Y., Fiorito G., Flash T. & Hochner B. (2001). Control of octopus arm extension by a peripheral motor program.  Science. 293:(5536)1845-1848.  Abstract
36.
Rogozin V., Edan Y. & Flash T. (2001). A real-time trajectory modification algorithm.  Robotica. 19:395-405.  Abstract
35.
Handzel A. & Flash T. (2001). Affine invariant edge completion with affine geodesics.  Ieee Workshop On Variational And Level Set Methods In Computer Vision, Proceedings. 97-103.  Abstract

2000

34.
Edan Y., Rogozin D., Flash T. & Miles G. (2000). Robotic melon harvesting.  IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 16:(6)831-835.  Abstract

1999

33.
Gat-Falik T. & Flash T. (1999). The superposition strategy for arm trajectory modification in robotic manipulators.  Ieee Transactions On Systems Man And Cybernetics Part B-Cybernetics. 29:(1)83-95.  Abstract

1998

32.
Plotnik M., Flash T., Inzelberg R., Schechtman E. & Korczyn A. (1998). Motor switching abilities in Parkinson's disease and old age: temporal aspects.  Journal Of Neurology Neurosurgery And Psychiatry. 65:(3)328-337.  Abstract
31.
Gutfreund Y., Flash T., Fiorito G. & Hochner B. (1998). Patterns of arm muscle activation involved in octopus reaching movements.  Journal of Neuroscience. 18:(15)5976-5987.  Abstract
30.
Kamon I., Flash T. & Edelman S. (1998). Learning visually guided grasping: A test case in sensorimotor learning.  Ieee Transactions On Systems Man And Cybernetics Part A-Systems And Humans. 28:(3)266-276.  Abstract

1997

29.
Gielen C., Vrijenhoek E., Flash T. & Neggers S. (1997). Arm position constraints during pointing and reaching in 3-D space.  Journal of Neurophysiology. 78:(2)660-673.  Abstract
28.
Flash T. (1997). The acquisition of motor behavior in vertebrates - Bloedel,JR, Ebner,TJ, Wise,SP.  Science. 275:(5306)1612-1612.

1996

27.
Gutfreund Y., Flash T., Yarom Y., Fiorito G., Segev I. & Hochner B. (1996). Organization of octopus arm movements: A model system for studying the control of flexible arms.  Journal of Neuroscience. 16:(22)7297-7307.  Abstract
26.
Flash T., Gurevich I. & Henis E. (1996). Characterizing and modeling human arm movements: Insights into motor organization.  Advances In Processing And Pattern Analysis Of Biological Signals. 391-411.  Abstract
25.
Inzelberg R., Plotnik M., Flash T., Schechtman E., Shahar I. & Korczyn A. (1996). Switching abilities in Parkinson's disease.  Parkinson'S Disease. 69:361-369.  Abstract
24.
Handzel A. & Flash T. (1996). The geometry of eye rotations and Listing's law.  Advances In Neural Information Processing Systems 8: Proceedings Of The 1995 Conference. 8:117-123.  Abstract

1995

23.
Henis E. & Flash T. (1995). Mechanisms Underlying the Generation of Averaged Modified Trajectories.  Biological Cybernetics. 72:(5)407-419.  Abstract
22.
Inzelberg R., Flash T., Schechtman E. & Korczyn A. (1995). Kinematic Properties of Upper-Limb Trajectories in Idiopathic Torsion Dystonia.  Journal Of Neurology Neurosurgery And Psychiatry. 58:(3)312-319.  Abstract
21.
Viviani P. & Flash T. (1995). Minimum-Jerk, 2/3-Power Law, and Isochrony - Converging Approaches to Movement Planning.  Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception And Performance. 21:(1)32-53.  Abstract
20.
Flash T. (1995). Trajectory learning and control models: From human to robotic arms.  Analysis, Design And Evaluation Of Man-Machine Systems 1995, Vols 1 And 2. 419-424.  Abstract

1994

19.
Flash T. & Jordan M. (1994). Computational Schemes and Neural-Network Models of Human Arm Trajectory Control.  World Congress On Neural Networks-San Diego - 1994 International Neural Network Society Annual Meeting, Vol 1. A76-A83.  Abstract
18.
Jordan M., Flash T. & Arnon Y. (1994). A Model of the Learning of Arm Trajectories from Spatial Deviations.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 6:(4)359-376.  Abstract

1993

17.
Flash T. & Wing A. (1993). Modeling the Control of Upper-Limb Movement - Preface.  Journal of Motor Behavior. 25:(3)130-130.

1992

16.
Flash T., Inzelberg R., Schechtman E. & Korczyn A. (1992). Kinematic Analysis of Upper Limb Trajectories in Parkinsons-Disease.  Experimental Neurology. 118:(2)215-226.
15.
Flash T., Henis E., Inzelberg R. & Korczyn A. (1992). Timing and Sequencing of Human Arm Trajectories - Normal and Abnormal Motor Behavior.  Human Movement Science. 11:(2-Jan)83-100.  Abstract

1991

14.
Cohen M. & Flash T. (1991). Learning Impedance Parameters For Robot Control Using an Associative Search Network.  IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 7:(3)382-390.  Abstract
13.
Edan Y., Flash T., Peiper U., Shmulevich I. & Sarig Y. (1991). Near Minimum Time Task Planning For Fruit Picking Robots.  IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 7:(1)48-56.  Abstract
12.
Flash T. & Henis E. (1991). Arm Trajectory Modifications During Reaching Towards Visual Targets.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 3:(3)220-230.  Abstract

1990

11.
Edelman S., Flash T. & Ullman S. (1990). Reading Cursive Handwriting by Alignment of Letter Prototypes.  International Journal of Computer Vision. 5:(3)303-331.  Abstract
10.
Edan Y., Flash T., Shmulevich I., Sarig Y. & Peiper U. (1990). An Algorithm Defining the Motions of a Citrus Picking Robot.  Journal Of Agricultural Engineering Research. 46:(4)259-273.
9.
Flash T. & Mussaivaldi F. (1990). Human Arm Stiffness Characteristics During the Maintenance of Posture.  Experimental Brain Research. 82:(2)315-326.

1989

8.
Flash T. (1989). Speed-Insensitive and Speed-Sensitive Strategies in Multijoint Movements.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 12:(2)215-216.
7.
Flash T. (1989). Generation of Reaching Movements - Plausibility and Implications of the Equilibrium Trajectory Hypothesis.  Brain Behavior And Evolution. 33:(3-Feb)63-68.

1988

6.
Flash T. & Potts R. (1988). Discrete Trajectory Planning.  International Journal of Robotics Research. 7:(5)48-57.

1987

5.
Hogan N. & Flash T. (1987). Moving Gracefully - Quantitative Theories of Motor Coordination.  Trends in Neurosciences. 10:(4)170-174.
4.
Edelman S. & Flash T. (1987). A Model of Handwriting.  Biological Cybernetics. 57:(2-Jan)25-36.
3.
Flash T. (1987). The Control of Hand Equilibrium Trajectories in Multijoint Arm Movements.  Biological Cybernetics. 57:(5-Apr)257-274.
2.
Hogan N., Bizzi E., Mussaivaldi F. & Flash T. (1987). Controlling Multijoint Motor Behavior.  Exercise And Sport Sciences Reviews. 15:153-190.

1985

1.
Flash, T., & Hogan, N. (1985). The coordination of arm movements: an experimentally confirmed mathematical model.  Journal of Neuroscience. 5(7):1688-1703.