Ulrtacold atoms, ions, & molecules
Serval groups at AOMS are investtigating the properies and behavior of atoms and molecules in the ultracold temperature regime. AMOS groups study the behavior of quantum degenerate Bose and Femi gasses, ultracold traped ions, cold molecules and more.
Ulrtafast optics & Attosecond Science
Ultrafast science is a rapidly evolving field of research having a broad range of applications. An important breakthrough has been achieved over the past decade with the production of laser pulses with attosecond duration (10-18 seconds). The study of new areas of science, such as time resolved measurements of multi-electron dynamics and imaging molecular and nuclear dynamics on the attosecond time scales, has consequently become accessible. AMOS combines experts in nonlinear optics, ultrafast science and strong field light matter interactions. AMOS groups are revealing new phenomena in strong field light matter interaction and establishing new methods for their manipulation.
Quantum Optics & Cavity QED
AMOS groups haver a strong tradition of investigatins Quantum optics in photonic systems, light-atom interactions, the interaction between a single emitter and a high finnesse cavity and in the interaction of lasers with quantum dots.
Coherent Control & Quantum Information
The last decade had seen a revolution in the ability of people to coherntly manipulate quantum systems of growing size. The applicaitons of such coherent control range from quantum chemistry, to quantum computing and metrology. AMOS groups are involved in all these efforts using ultrfast laser puylses, ultracold atoms and ions. Rydberg excitations and more.
Nonlinear Optics, Imaging, & Microscopy
The field of optical microscopy has seen dramatic advances in the last two decades, culminating in the invention of new methodologies for deep tissue imaging and for surpassing the classical diffraction barrier. Some of these techniques, such as third-harmonic generation microscopy, temporal focusing microscopy and single-pulse nonlinear Raman scattering were pioneered by AMOS researchers. We are actively pursuing new methods for multiphoton microscopy, lensless and computational imaging, development of new microscopy probes and the exploitation of the quantum properties of light for enhancing the capabilities of imaging systems.
Laser Physics & Nanophotonics
Shortly after its invention, the laser was dubbed “a solution looking for a problem”. Nowadays, when lasers abound in numerous commercial products, one major challenge is to provide better, stronger and more versatile laser sources, and another is miniaturization of optical components. AMOS researchers are working on development of various methods to control laser parameters and to take advantage of the gain dynamics in lasers to solve new problems. In parallel, new nanostructured materials are being developed either as potential gain media or for use in new types of optical elements such as metalenses.
Atomic, Molecular & Precision Spectroscopy
Several groups at AMOS perform precision spectreoscopy of atoms and molecules. Spectroscopy is persued for studies ranging from presice atomic clocks, atomic and molecular structure, many-body behaviour of ultracold mater as well as searches for new physics.