PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS LAW (EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS) 5754-1994
PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS RULES (EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS)
correct as of December 1, 2005
PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS LAW (EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS) 5754-1994
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1. In this Law -
"prevention of cruelty to animals society" - a registered body corporate, the purpose and activity of which is the protection of animals, the prevention of their suffering and concern for their welfare;
"animal facility" - a place where animals are raised for experimental purposes;
"animal house" - the location and infrastructure, in which animals are kept before, during and after the performance of experiments;
"animal" - any vertebrate, other than a human being;
"kill" - killing an animal while preventing unnecessary suffering;
"the Director" - the Director of Veterinary Services in the Ministry of Agriculture;
"supervising veterinarian" - the person appointed as responsible for supervision under section 5(b);
"qualified researcher" - the employee of an institution, whom the director of the institution authorized to carry out experiments on animals, and who was trained in the minimalization of suffering of the laboratory animals, as the Council prescribed in Rules;
"educational institution" - an educational institution, within its meaning in the Compulsory Education Law 5709-1949;
"institute of higher education" - an institution given recognition as an institution of higher education under section 13 of the Council of Higher Education Law 5718-1958;
"institution" - a scientific, research, medical, industrial, educational institution or an institution of higher education, in which experiments on animals are carried out, including an animal house;
"defense establishment" - the Ministry of Defense and its attached units, the Israel Defense Forces or any other institution that operates for a defense purposes and which, for purposes of this Law, was approved by the Minister of Defense;
"experiment on animals" - an experiment on animals, for one of the following purposes:
(1) the advancement of health and of medicine and the prevention of suffering;
(2) the advancement of scientific research;
(3) testing or producing materials or objects;
(4) education and teaching;
"veterinarian" - a veterinarian with a degree as specialist in the medicine of laboratory animals or a veterinarian whom the Director authorized for the purposes of this Law;
"public servant" - a State employee or a municipal employee;
"the Minister" - the Minister of Health.
CHAPTER TWO: THE COUNCIL
Council for Experiments on Animals
2. (a) A Council for Experiments on Animals is hereby established (hereafter: the Council); the Council shall have twenty-three members who shall be appointed by the Minister, as follows:
(1) six representatives of the National Academy of Science, of them two from the sphere of the life sciences or medicine, and four from the spheres of social science, liberal arts, exact science and law, one from each sphere;
(2) the director of a school of veterinary medicine;
(3) two deans of schools of medicine or their deputies;
(4) a representative of the scientific council of the Israel Medical Association;
(5) a representative of the scientific council of the Israel Veterinarians Association, who is a veterinarian;
(6) a representative of the Israel Manufacturers Association;
(7) a representative of the Minister of Health;
(8) a representative of the Minister of Education, Culture and Sport;
(9) a representative of the Minister of Science, Arts and Technology;
(10) a representative of the Minister of Justice;
(11) a representative of the Minister of Religious Affairs;1
(12) a representative of the Minister of the Environment;
(13) the chairman of the Committee on Animal Experiments in the defense establishment;
(14) the Director or a person authorized by him;
(15) three representatives recommended by the roof organization of prevention of cruelty to animals societies, and when there is no roof organization - from among persons recommended by prevention of cruelty to animals societies.
(b) The Minister may veto the candidacy of a representative, except for the representatives under paragraphs (2) and (13), if he is convinced that the appointment is liable to have a substantial adverse effect on the functioning of the Council.
(c) If the candidacy of a representative was vetoed, then in his place the Minister shall appoint another, recommended by the same body, which the representative whose candidacy was vetoed represented.
1 After the Ministry of Religious Affairs was dissolved, this power passed to the Minister of Health (YP of 5764, p. 1642)
(d) The term of a Council member's service is four years; a Council member may be reappointed.
(e) The Minister shall appoint one of the Council members, who was appointed under subsection (a)(1) to be chairman of the Council.
Termination of a Council member's term of office
3. (a) A Council member shall cease serving before the end of his term of office when one of the following occurs:
(1) he resigned by delivering a letter of resignation to the Minister;
(2) he is permanently unable to exercise his position or his continued membership is liable to have a real adverse effect on the functioning of the Council, and the Minister - after consultation with the chairman of the Council - removed him from his position by written notice;
(3) he was convicted of an offense that, in the opinion of the Attorney General, is heinous;
(4) he no longer holds a position in the body, on behalf of which he was appointed.
(b) When an indictment has been brought against a Council member for an offense which, on the face of it, is heinous, then the Minister may - in consultation with the Attorney General - suspend him from his position until final judgment on his case is handed down.
(c) If a Council member is absent from three consecutive meetings, then he shall cease being a member of the Council, unless he was absent because of illness or service in the Israel Defense Forces, or by written permission from the chairman of the Council, given in advance.
(d) When the term of office of a Council member has been terminated, the Minister shall appoint another in his place from the same body, which the member whose term of office was terminated represented.
The Council's functions
4. The Council is in charge of the subject of experiments on animals, and without derogating from its other functions -
(1) it shall prescribe Rules, with the Minister's approval, for the grant of permits to carry out experiments on animals, and on the way the experiments are to be carried out, all in order to ascertain that suffering caused to animals is minimized, and to prevent the conduct of superfluous experiments;
(2) it shall prescribe Rules, with the Minister's approval, about training in the sphere of minimizing the suffering of laboratory animals;
(3) it shall initiate information programs on subjects within the scope of its activity, as well as training and guidance programs for scientists on subjects connected to experiments on animals;
(4) it shall prescribe Rules, with the Minister's approval, for the maximum number of experiments that may be carried out on one animal;
(5) it may prescribe, with approval by the Minister and the Knesset Finance Committee, fees for applications and for permits granted under this Law; the amounts of the fees shall be used for the Council's activities and for other activities under this Law, and they shall be expended according to the Council's decisions.
Appointment of officers
5. (a) After consultation with the chairman of the Council, the Minister shall appoint an employee of the Ministry of Health to be the secretary responsible for the Council's administrative work.
(b) After consultation with the Council the Minister shall appoint a veterinarian, who will be responsible for the supervision in institutions.
Visits by Council members
6. Council members may - with permission from the chairman of the Council or according to arrangements prescribed by him - visit every place where experiments on animals are carried out, on condition that the Council members take the common precautions necessary in order to prevent interference with the experiment.
Meetings and procedures
7. (a) The Council shall convene at least three times a year, and also at the demand of one third of its members.
(b) A majority of Council members shall constitute a quorum for the approval of Rules.
(c) The Council shall determine its own procedures, as far as they have not been prescribed by this Law.
CHAPTER THREE: EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS
Experiments on animals
8. (a) Experiments on animals shall only be carried out under this Law.
(b) The number of animals in any experiment shall be limited to the minimal number required for the performance of the experiment.
(c) Experiments on animals shall be carried out with close attention to minimizing the pain and suffering caused to them.
(d) Experiments on animals shall be carried out as said in the Schedule.
Experiments on animals are prohibited where there are alternatives
9. No permit shall be granted for the conduct of any experiment on animals, if the objective of the experiment can be attained by reasonable alternate means.
Experiments to test cosmetic preparations and cleaning materials
10. No experiment shall be carried out to test cosmetic preparations, unless it be for reasons of health, and to test cleaning materials, except under a permit given for them by the Council plenum.
11. (a) Experiments on animals shall only be carried out by qualified researchers at institutions approved by the Council, in accordance with Rules prescribed by it.
(b) If a researcher carries out an experiment for a purpose other than teaching alone, then he must keep records according to a procedure, which the Committee set up under section 13 will prescribe, and when the experiment is concluded he shall report the results of the experiment to it.
(c) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), students at an educational institution or at an institution of higher education may carry out experiments in the presence and under the supervision of a qualified researcher;
(2) for the purposes of this Law, all educational institutions shall be deemed a single institution, the director of which is the Director General of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.
12. The Council shall have the authority to permit experiments to be carried out at an institution, for which all the following hold true:
(1) the institution prepared a set of written guidelines, which obligate the employees and which was approved by the Council, on how animals are to be kept, on work procedures at the institution, on safety procedures, methods of anesthesia, the handling of animals, killing them, disposing of them in compliance with all statutes while paying attention to the prevention of damage to the environment, and on training for employees;
(2) the institution employs a veterinarian, who supervises the health and welfare of the animals and provides medical treatment for them, is in charge of disease prevention, of the minimization of the animals' suffering before, during and after the experiments and - when necessary - their euthanasia, and who instructs staff members on these subjects.
Committee for the grant of permits for experiments on animals
13. (a) The Council shall appoint a Committee from among its members, which will be authorized to permit experiments on animals; it shall have at least three members, among them a veterinarian who shall serve as chairman, a researcher from the sphere of the life sciences or medicine, and a member who is not from the sphere of the life sciences or medicine.
(b) An application to the Committee, for approval of an experiment, shall include, inter alia -
(1) general information on the purpose of the experiment and its planned conduct;
(2) a detailed proposal of the plan for the experiment;
(3) reasons why the experiment is necessary and possible alternatives, if available.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b), when the sole purpose of the experiment is educational, then the permit may be granted for the method of the experiment and its principles, and for any change therein.
(d) The Committee is authorized to permit an experiment on animals after it considered the matter and concluded that it complies with the requirements of sections 8, 9 and 11, and with the Rules of the Council.
(e) A permit may be granted by the Committee for a program of experiments that includes more than one experiment.
(f) The Committee's permit shall be subject to the provisions of this Law and to the Council's Rules, which were prescribed thereunder.
14. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 13, a Government Ministry, an institution of higher education, an educational institution or institution approved by the Council for this purpose, may set up an internal committee, one of its members being a veterinarian, and for that institution it shall perform the functions of the Committee set up under section 13.
(b) The committee shall act in compliance with the Council's Rules, or under internal rules, which the institution made for itself and which the Council approved.
(c) The committee shall report to the Council every six months about the experiments it permitted.
(d) If the chairman of an internal committee in a Government Ministry or in an institution of higher education concludes that - if an experiment is not carried out - there is an immediate danger to public health or to the health of animals, and that it is not possible to convene the committee urgently, then he may permit the experiment.
Supervision of institutions
15. The supervising veterinarian or a public servant whom he appointed for this purpose may - after he so informed the Council - enter at any time any institution and any animal facility, on condition that he take the necessary steps to prevent interference with an experiment, and he may read any document, in order to check whether the provisions of this Law are complied with.
16. (a) The Council shall appoint a Control Committee headed by the representative of the Minister of Justice, and the Director or his representative and a researcher from the sphere of medicine or the life sciences shall be its members.
(b) If the supervising veterinarian or the public servant appointed for that purpose concludes that an experiment was carried out in deviation from the permit granted under this Law, then he shall recommend to the Committee that the permit granted to the institute or for the experiments be canceled or suspended.
(c) After the Committee has heard the institution's arguments, it may cancel or alter the permit that was granted to the institution, and it also may set any condition it finds proper for the continuation of the experiments.
(d) If the Committee concludes that - under the circumstances of the case - the provisions of this Law were severely violated, then it may order that the experiments be stopped temporarily, even if it has not heard the institution's arguments.
(e) When a decision said in subsection (d) was adopted, then a hearing shall be held in the presence of the institution's representative at the earliest possible time and no later than seven days after the temporary decision was made.
(f) After it has heard the arguments, the Committee may adopt a final decision on the matter.
(g) If the institution's representative did not appear, even though he had been duly summoned, then the Committee may decide the matter in his absence.
(h) Any person injured by a decision of the Committee may contest it before the Council.
(i) The Committee shall report its recommendations under subsection (b) and its decisions to the Council.
Reporting to the Council
17. (a) Once a year - and no later than on February 28 - an institution shall give the Council a written report about -
(1) particulars of the experiments with which it dealt in the course of the preceding year;
(2) the name of the veterinarian employed by the institution under section 12(2).
(b) An institution shall give the Council a written report about every special problem or mishap that occurred, as soon as possible after the event.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a)(1), whoever reports to the Council about experiments under section 13(c) shall report only about the method, principles and extent of the experiments that were carried out.
CHAPTER FOUR: EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS IN THE
Committee on animal experiments in the defense establishment
18. The Minister of Defense shall appoint a Committee for Experiments on Animals in the Defense Establishment (in this Chapter: the Committee), which shall be headed by a veterinarian, and its members shall be a researcher from the sphere of the life sciences, a licensed physician within its meaning in the Physicians Ordinance [New Version] 5737-1976, a legal jurist, the holder of an academic degree in the social sciences or liberal arts, and a public representative who is not a state employee and does not engage in experiments on animals, who shall be appointed after consultation with the Council.
The Committee's powers
19. The tasks and powers of the Council and of the committees that were established under section 13 and 16 on all aspects of experiments on animals in the defense establishment shall be vested in the Committee.
20. The Committee shall, as far as possible, be guided by the Rules prescribed by the Council, but it shall be entitled to digress from the said Rules and from regulations made under this Law if it is convinced - by arguments that shall be recorded - that the digression is essential because of reasons of national security.
Supervisor of experiments in the defense establishment
21. (a) The comptroller of the defense establishment shall appoint a veterinarian as supervisor of experiments on animals in the defense establishment.
(b) The powers under section 15, as far as they relate to experiments on animals in the defense establishment, are vested in the supervisor appointed under subsection (a) or in a person he appointed for that purpose.
CHAPTER FIVE: PENALTIES AND MISCELLANIOUS PROVISIONS
22. Any person who holds any position by virtue of this Law shall reveal any information or the content of any document which reached him by virtue of his position only by permission from the chairman of the Council; this provision shall not prevent disclosure on a demand from the Attorney General for purposes of a criminal trial, or on the demand of a Court.
23. If a person committed one of the following, then he shall be liable to one year imprisonment, and in the case of a continuing offense - to an additional fine - at one half of the rate stated in section 61(c) of the Penal Law 5737-1977 - for every day on which the offense continues:
(1) he carried out experiments on animals without a permit, or he digressed from a permit granted to him;
(2) he disclosed information or the content of a document, in violation of section 22.
24. (a) The Minister shall appoint the first Council within ninety days after this Law was adopted by the Knesset.
(b) The Council shall prescribe Rules within six months after its appointment; if the Council did not prescribe Rules by that date, then the chairman of the Council shall - with the Minister' consent and with approval by the Knesset Education and Culture Committee - make Rules in its stead.
(c) This Law shall not apply to experiments on animals, which were begun before it went into effect, or to experiments on animals, which were begun before the Council's Rules under section 4 were prescribed.
Implementation and regulations
25. (a) The Minister is charged with the implementation of this Law, and with approval by the Knesset Education and Culture Committee he shall make regulations on anything related to its implementation, including the determination of law procedure in appeals under section 16(h).
(b) The Minister of Agriculture shall, in consultation with the Minister of Health, make regulations on keeping animals and caring for them in animal facilities.
26. For the purposes of this Law, the State shall be treated like every other person.
NOTE: Section 27 amends various other Laws; here its translation is consequently omitted.
28. This Law - except for sections 24 (a) and (b) and 27 - shall go into effect one year after its adoption.
29. This Law shall be published in Reshumot within thirty days after its adoption.
1. Experiments that cause pain or suffering shall be carried out only under local or general anesthesia or under analgesia; performance of an experiment under general muscle relaxation shall be carried out only together with general anesthesia, unless the use of anesthetics negates the experiment, or when anesthesia will cause greater suffering than is expected of the experiment; in aforesaid cases alternate methods for the minimization of pain and suffering shall be used.
2. The kind of animals used in an experiment shall be limited to those on the lowest philogenetic level, which makes it possible to conduct the experiment without a negative effect on its objectives.
3. If it becomes necessary to kill an animal after an experiment, then it shall be killed, as far as that is possible, before it regains consciousness; animals liable to or exposed to strong pain or prolonged suffering after the experiment shall be killed, even if the objectives of the experiment were not achieved.
PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS RULES (EXPERIMENTS ON ANIMALS)
By virtue of its powers under section 4(1), (2) and (4) of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Law (experiment on animals) 5754-1994 (hereafter: the Law) and with the approval of the Minister of Health, the Council for Experiments on Animals (hereafter: the Council) hereby makes these Rules in order to ascertain minimization of the suffering caused to animals and to prevent unnecessary experiments:
1. In these Rules -
"the Committee" - the Committee that issues permits for experiments under sections 13, 14 or 19 of the Law, as the case may be;
"institutional permit" - a permit to conduct experiments issued to an institution, as said in section 12 of the Law;
"NRC Rules" - the booklet "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals", published by the National Research Council of the United States (NRC), which is available to the public at the library of the Ministry of Health in Jerusalem, and on the Internet sites of the National Research Council of the United States and the Ministry of Health of the Israel Government, as updated from time to time;
"experiment" - the smallest possible series of acts performed on an animal, which is necessary in order to achieve the objective of the experiment;
"experiment that involves little suffering" - each of the following:
(1) biopsy or other small surgical operation without subsequent significant pain;
(2) keeping awake animals in movement restricting cages for up to ten minutes;
(3) behavioral experiments accompanied by minimal stress;
(4) installing small permanent implants;
(5) other acts, in the course of which no greater a level of suffering is caused, than in those said in paragraphs (1) to (4).
2. (a) An application for an institutional permit shall be submitted to the Council, in writing, by the director of the institution; the application shall include the name of the veterinarian employed as said in section 12(2) of the Law, and the set of guidelines required by section 12(1) of the Law shall be attached to it.
(b) The Council shall grant the institution a permit after it approved the set of guidelines that was attached to the application and after it received certification from the Council veterinarian that - on a visit he made to the institution - he found that the conditions under which animals are kept at the institution comply with the requirements of section 4.
Permit for an experiment
3. (a) An application for a permit to conduct an experiment on animals shall be submitted to the Council on the Form in the Schedule.
(b) An aforesaid application for a permit for an experiment shall be submitted by the head researcher, who will be in charge of the experiment for which the permit is requested.
(c) The Committee may demand additional particulars from the applicant, such as it deems necessary in order to decide whether to grant a permit for the experiment.
(d) The Committee may grant a permit for the experiment as proposed in the application, reject the application or approve it with changes, on conditions or with restrictions.
(e) The Committee shall grant a permit for an experiment only if it is convinced that the provisions of the Law and of these Rules will be complied with in the proposed experiment.
Conditions in the animal house
4. Animals in an animal house shall be kept under the conditions specified in the NRC Rules.
5. The NRC Rules shall apply to the following acts:
(1) the acquisition and transport of animals;
(2) the physical restraint of animals;
(3) the identification of pain;
(4) tranquilization and anesthesia;
(5) euthanasia of the animals.
Additional experiment on an animal that already underwent
6. The Committee shall not grant a permit for an additional experiment on an animal, on which one experiment already was carried out, unless one of the following applies:
(1) The Committee is convinced that the experiment already carried out involved little suffering; when application is made to permit an additional experiment on an animal on which more than one experiment already was carried out, then the Committee shall consider whether the aggregate of previous experiments does not justify rejecting the application;
(2) the animal will be anesthetized at the beginning of the additional experiment and will be killed at its conclusion, without regaining consciousness in its course.
7. The Committee shall not give a permit for an additional experiment on an animal only because using an additional animal would involve a considerable monetary outlay.
Examination of permits in the Council
8. Every year the Council shall hold a special session for an examination of the permits for additional experiments under section 6, which had been issued in the preceding year, in order to weigh whether a change of these Rules is necessary.
Training course for the minimalization of suffering
9. (a) Training in the minimalization of suffering of laboratory animals, which is a condition for authorization by the Institute director of an institute employee as a qualified researcher, shall be by means of a course that will be held at the institute, or in one of the ways said in section 10.
(b) The Council shall approve a course after it received the curriculum from the institution that conducts it and after it is satisfied that the course can train the researcher in the minimalization of suffering by the laboratory animals, on which he will conduct experiments after he is qualified.
(c) The person who conducts the course will decide at its conclusion - on the basis of academic criteria - whether each of the participants met the requirements of the course.
(d) The course will qualify its participants to conduct experiments on the kinds of animals with which the course dealt, and they will have to undergo additional training to become qualified for experiments on other varieties of animals.
(e) The course shall include at least the following subjects:
(1) the definition of environmental and microbiological factors that affect the behavior and the biology of laboratory animals, and how they work;
(2) a survey of the main genetic groupings of laboratory animals and their influence on the research;
(3) detailed ethical rules on the use of animals - the contribution to scientific research, the fundamental principles of minimizing the number of animals in an experiment, finding alternatives to experiments with animals, moderation of experimental methods, legal principles, and the ethical system in the country and in the institution;
(4) description of the animal varieties, with which the course deals;
(5) the significance of having different kinds of equipment and means for the enhancement of research;
(6) the biology and behavior of animals and the importance of different anatomical variables;
(7) particulars of materials, dosages and methods for the minimization of suffering, for reduction of pain, for anesthesia and euthanasia;
(8) particulars of methods for injections and for taking blood samples.
(f) The chairman of the Council shall appoint two council members with academic appointments for the constant supervision of standards of study at the course; this provision shall not apply to a course under academic supervision.
Additional training methods
10. (a) Under exceptional circumstances the director of an institution may award qualification to an employee of the institution, if he is convinced that that employee has many years of experience in the conduct of experiments on animals and consequently is skilled in the sphere of minimizing the suffering of laboratory animals.
(b) The director of an institution may award qualification to an employee of the institution, if successfully passed special training by a qualified head researcher who engages in the same research (hereafter: the head researcher), in coordination with the veterinarian employed by that institution under section 12(2) of the Law; such training shall include at least the following:
(1) explanations on the correct handling of laboratory animals, the use of alternatives, and minimization of the suffering of animals used in experiments;
(2) a practical demonstration of the experiment on animals, in which the employee will engage;
(3) the conduct of at least two experiments on animals by the head researcher in the employee's presence.
The said qualification shall be only for a six month period, after the head researcher signed an undertaking that every experiment on animals carried out by the employee will be under his supervision and on his responsibility, and it cannot be extended or renewed.
(c) The director of the institution may grant an employee qualification, if he is convinced, on the basis of documents, that the training on the minimalization of suffering of laboratory animals, which the employee underwent abroad, is an equivalent of the training in the course said in section 9.
Effect and validity
11. (a) These Rules shall go into effect 30 days after their publication (hereafter: day of effect).
(b) Section 10(b) is in effect during three years after the day of effect.
Application for the Conduct of Experiments on Animals