Effect of surface electric fields

With the rapid advent of nanoscience and nanotechnology, the surface-to-volume ratio in devices and in nanostructured materials grows, and with it the importance of surface interactions as friction, normal forces and adhesion. We are especially interested in the effect of extremely large electric fields that we are able to create, that are so strong that they can cause liquid molecules to orient and change their properties. Consequently, the effect of ‘electrofreezing’ in small gaps may be.