The Migration of Modern Humans
The project involves the dating of the first arrival of modern humans out of Africa. This momentous event in human history occurred at the very end of the practical range for radiocarbon dating, and has proved to be extremely difficult to date. In a study of charcoal fragments from sediments from the Kebara Cave, just south of Haifa on the Carmel Mountain, the scientists have shown that modern humans reached this part of the world approximately 48,000 years ago. In fact, some of the dates obtained precede the arrival of modern humans, to just beyond 50,000 years – probably the oldest absolute radiocarbon dates ever obtained.
Chronology of the Early Bronze Age in the South Levant: New Analysis for a High Chronology
The chronology of the Early Bronze Age (EBA) in the south Levant and the synchronization between the sites, taking into account both changes in material culture (seriation) and radiocarbon dates, show large inconsistencies and disagreements. In order to resolve this problem over the whole region, we assembled 420 radiocarbon dates. The dates have been reevaluated on the basis of their archaeological contexts and using analytical criteria. Bayesian theory was applied to model the selected dates in relation to the given seriation of the EBA sub-periods (EB I, II III, IV). Sites with two or more sequential sub-phases were individually modeled in order to define the transitions between the sub-periods. The new chronology indicates that the EB I-II transition occurred site-dependently between 3200-2900 BC, the EB II-III ca. 2900 BC, and the EB III-IV ca. 2500 BC.
Absolute Chronology for the Intermediate Bronze Age Culture in the Southern Levant
The Intermediate Bronze Age (IBA) in the second halve of the third millennium BC is an enigmatic period in the history of the southern Levant. There is still no consensus regarding fundamental details of this period, including its absolute timeframe. The research aim is to resolve IBA open questions utilizing radiocarbon dating and other microarchaeological methods, in order to compose an absolute timeframe for the IBA culture, and identify possible chronological and typological stages within the IBA.
Dating the Late Bronze to Iron Age Transition in Qubur El-Walaydah, Southern Levant: A Radiocarbon Study
The date of the Late Bronze (LB) to Iron Age (IA) transition in the Southern coastal Levant is the key for understanding the chronology of the entire eastern Mediterranean at the end of the second millennium BCE. The importance of the transition relates to the major change in political order over the entire eastern Mediterranean that occurred at that time. At the end of Late Bronze Age, dominating political entities such as the Hittite and Egyptian Empires disappeared from the historical and archaeological records, and small political entities such as migrants known as “The Sea People”, appear. Within the Southern coastal Levant, these settlements are recognized mainly from the abundance of locally produced Mycenaean (Myc) IIIC and Bichrome pottery.