The revelation of the Superconductor-Insulator transition (SIT) in thin disordered films has triggered significant experimental and theoretical efforts aimed at unveiling the transport principles behind the transition.
The main motivation of spintronics is to exploit the spin degree of freedom of electrons in the elementary electronic devices.
Electronic measurements of nanotubes are of great interest for fundamental understanding of the physical phenomena in quasi-one-dimensional systems as well as the possibility to fabricate new electronic devices based on these nanotubes.
The constant demand for miniaturization of the electronic components requires new type of materials and technologies, which will ensure operation of the scaled components. Yet another approach development of the novel components which utilize not only the electron's charge but also its spin degree of freedom.