Publications

  • An olfactory self-test effectively screens for COVID-19

    Snitz K., Honigstein D., Weissgross R., Ravia A., Mishor E., Perl O., Karagach S., Medhanie A., Harel N., Shushan S., Roth Y., Iravani B., Arshamian A., Ernst G., Okamoto M., Poo C., Bonacchi N., Mainen Z., Monteleone E., Spinelli S., Dinnella C., Mariño-Sánchez F., Ferdenzi C., Smeets M., Touhara K., Bensafi M., Hummel T., Lundström J. N. & Sobel N. (2022) Communications Medicine. Abstract
  • Proof of concept for real-time detection of SARS CoV-2 infection with an electronic nose

    Snitz K., Andelman-Gur M., Pinchover L., Weissgross R., Weissbrod A., Mishor E., Zoller R., Linetsky V., Medhanie A., Shushan S., Jaffe E. & Sobel N. (2021) PLoS ONE. Abstract
  • Odor Canopy: A Method for Comfortable Odorant Delivery in MRI

    Gorodisky L., Livne E., Weiss T., Weissbrod A., Weissgross R., Mishor E., Furman-Haran E. & Sobel N. (2021) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Sniffing the human body volatile hexadecanal blocks aggression in men but triggers aggression in women

    Mishor E., Amir D., Weiss T., Honigstein D., Weissbrod A., Livne E., Gorodisky L., Karagach S., Ravia A., Snitz K., Karawani D., Zirler R., Weissgross R., Soroka T., Endevelt-Shapira Y., Agron S., Rozenkrantz L., Reshef N., Furman-Haran E., Breer H., Strotmann J., Uebi T., Ozaki M. & Sobel N. (2021) Science advances. Abstract
  • Local Targeted Memory Reactivation in Human Sleep

    Bar E., Marmelshtein A., Arzi A., Perl O., Livne E., Hizmi E., Paz R., Sobel N., Dudai Y. & Nir Y. (2020) Current Biology. Abstract
  • Are humans constantly but subconsciously smelling themselves?

    Perl O., Mishor E., Ravia A., Ravreby I. & Sobel N. (2020) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Abstract
  • Unexplained repeated pregnancy loss is associated with altered perceptual and brain responses to men’s body-odor

    Rozenkrantz L., Weissgross R., Weiss T., Ravreby I., Frumin I., Shushan S., Gorodisky L., Reshef N., Holzman Y., Pinchover L., Endevelt-Shapira Y., Mishor E., Soroka T., Finkel M., Tagania L., Ravia A., Perl O., Furman-Haran E., Carp H. & Sobel N. (2020) eLife. Abstract
  • Human Olfaction without Apparent Olfactory Bulbs

    Weiss T., Soroka T., Gorodisky L., Shushan S., Snitz K., Weissgross R., Furman-Haran E., Dhollander T. & Sobel N. (2020) Neuron. Abstract
  • Relationship Between Odor Intensity Estimates and COVID-19 Prevalence Prediction in a Swedish Population

    Iravani B., Arshamian A., Ravia A., Mishor E., Snitz K., Shushan S., Roth Y., Perl O., Honigstein D., Weissgross R., Karagach S., Ernst G., Okamoto M., Mainen Z., Monteleone E., Dinnella C., Spinelli S., Marino-Sanchez F., Ferdenzi C., Smeets M., Touhara K., Bensafi M., Hummel T., Sobel N. & Lundstrom J. N. (2020) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Olfactory sniffing signals consciousness in unresponsive patients with brain injuries

    Arzi A., Rozenkrantz L., Gorodisky L., Rozenkrantz D., Holtzman Y., Ravia A., Bekinschtein T. A., Galperin T., Krimchansky B., Cohen G., Oksamitni A., Aidinoff E., Sacher Y. & Sobel N. (2020) Nature. Abstract
  • A measure of smell enables the creation of olfactory metamers

    Ravia A., Snitz K., Honigstein D., Finkel M., Zirler R., Perl O., Secundo L., Laudamiel C., Harel D. & Sobel N. (2020) Nature. Abstract

    Checkout our site for comparing odors and odor mixtures in Odorspace

  • Women Have Reduced Ability to Discriminate Body Odors During the Withdrawal Period of Oral Contraception

    Endevelt-Shapira Y., Pinchover L., Perl O., Bar E., Avin A. & Sobel N. (2019) Chemosensory Perception. Abstract
  • Human non-olfactory cognition phase-locked with inhalation

    Perl O., Ravia A., Rubinson M., Eisen A., Soroka T., Mor N., Secundo L. & Sobel N. (2019) Nature Human Behaviour. Abstract
  • SmellSpace: An Odor-Based Social Network as a Platform for Collecting Olfactory Perceptual Data

    Snitz K., Perl O., Honigstein D., Secundo L., Ravia A., Yablonka A., Endevelt-Shapira Y. & Sobel N. (2019) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Altered responses to social chemosignals in autism spectrum disorder

    Endevelt-Shapira Y., Perl O., Ravia A., Amir D., Eisen A., Bezalel V., Rozenkrantz L., Mishor E., Pinchover L., Soroka T., Honigstein D. & Sobel N. (2018) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Smelling Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections using a whole-cell biosensor - An alternative for the gold-standard culturing assay

    Kviatkovski I., Shushan S., Oron Y., Frumin I., Amir D., Secundo L., Livne E., Weissbrod A., Sobel N. & Helman Y. (2018) Journal of Biotechnology. Abstract
  • Using a Sniff Controller to Self-Trigger Abdominal Functional Electrical Stimulation for Assisted Coughing Following Cervical Spinal Cord Lesions

    Haviv L., Friedman H., Bierman U., Glass I., Plotkin A., Weissbrod A., Shushan S., Bluvshtein V., Aidinoff E., Sobel N. & Catz A. (2017) IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering. Abstract
  • Olfaction and Sleep

    Perl O., Arzi A., Hairston I. S. & Sobel N. (2017) . Abstract
  • Revisiting the revisit: added evidence for a social chemosignal in human emotional tears

    Sobel N. (2017) Cognition and Emotion. Abstract
  • Measuring and Characterizing the Human Nasal Cycle

    Kahana-Zweig R., Geva-Sagiv M., Weissbrod A., Secundo L., Soroker N. & Sobel N. (2016) PLoS ONE. Abstract
  • From Nose to Brain: Un-Sensed Electrical Currents Applied in the Nose Alter Activity in Deep Brain Structures

    Weiss T., Shushan S., Ravia A., Hahamy A., Secundo L., Weissbrod A., Ben-Yakov A., Holtzman Y., Cohen-Atsmoni S., Roth Y. & Sobel N. (2016) Cerebral Cortex. Abstract

    Supplementary materials: DOI

  • Odors enhance slow-wave activity in non-rapid eye movement sleep.

    Perl O., Arzi A., Sela L., Secundo L., Holtzman Y., Samnon P., Oksenberg A., Sobel N. & Hairston I. S. (2016) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • Increased number of volatile organic compounds over malignant glottic lesions.

    Shoffel-Havakuk H., Frumin I., Lahav Y., Haviv L., Sobel N. & Halperin D. (2016) The Laryngoscope. Abstract
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa activates the quorum sensing LuxR response regulator through secretion of 2-aminoacetophenone

    Kviatkovski I., Chernin L., Yarnitzky T., Frumin I., Sobel N. & Helman Y. (2015) Chemical Communications. Abstract
  • A Mechanistic Link between Olfaction and Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Rozenkrantz L., Zachor D., Heller I., Plotkin A., Weissbrod A., Snitz K., Secundo L. & Sobel N. (2015) Current Biology. Abstract
  • Individual olfactory perception reveals meaningful nonolfactory genetic information

    Secundo L., Snitz K., Weissler K., Pinchover L., Shoenfeld Y., Loewenthal R., Agmon-Levin N., Frumin I., Bar-Zvi D., Shushan S. & Sobel N. (2015) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Abstract
  • Functional Brain Imaging of Human Olfaction

    Shushan S., Roth Y. & Sobel N. (2015) Brain Mapping: An Encyclopedic Reference. Abstract
  • Disinhibition of olfaction: Human olfactory performance improves following low levels of alcohol

    Endevelt-Shapira Y., Shushan S., Roth Y. & Sobel N. (2014) Behavioural Brain Research. Abstract
  • The perceptual logic of smell

    Secundo L., Snitz K. & Sobel N. (2014) Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Abstract
  • Detection of response to command using voluntary control of breathing in disorders of consciousness

    Charland-Verville V., Lesenfants D., Sela L., Noirhomme Q., Ziegler E., Chatelle C., Plotkin A., Sobel N. & Laureys S. (2014) Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Mirror Sniffing: Humans Mimic Olfactory Sampling Behavior

    Arzi A., Shedlesky L., Secundo L. & Sobel N. (2014) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Sniffing patterns uncover implicit memory for undetected odors

    Arzi A., Rozenkrantz L., Holtzman Y., Secundo L. & Sobel N. (2014) Current Biology.
  • Olfactory Aversive Conditioning during Sleep Reduces Cigarette-Smoking Behavior

    Arzi A., Holtzman Y., Samnon P., Eshel N., Hare E. & Sobel N. (2014) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Does a unique olfactory genome imply a unique olfactory world?

    Frumin I., Sobel N. & Gilad Y. (2014) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • An Assay for Human Chemosignals

    Frumin I. & Sobel N. (2013) . Abstract
  • Predicting Odor Perceptual Similarity from Odor Structure

    Snitz K., Yablonka A., Weiss T., Frumin I., Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2013) PLoS Computational Biology. Abstract
  • Auditory aversive learning increases discrimination thresholds

    Resnik J., Sobel N. & Paz R. (2012) Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. Abstract
  • What's primary about primary olfactory cortex?

    Weiss T. & Sobel N. (2012) Nature Neuroscience.
  • Humans can learn new information during sleep

    Arzi A., Shedlesky L., Ben Shaul S. M., Nasser K., Oksenberg A., Hairston I. S. & Sobel N. (2012) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Perceptual convergence of multi-component mixtures in olfaction implies an olfactory white

    Weiss T., Snitz K., Yablonka A., Khan R. M., Gafsou D., Schneidman E. & Sobel N. (2012) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Abstract
  • Odorant similarity in the mouse olfactory bulb

    Yablonka A., Sobel N. & Haddad R. (2012) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
  • Human Tears Contain a Chemosignal

    Gelstein S., Yeshurun Y., Rozenkrantz L., Shushan S., Frumin I., Roth Y. & Sobel N. (2011) Science. Abstract
  • Neural activity at the human olfactory epithelium reflects olfactory perception

    Lapid H., Shushan S., Plotkin A., Voet H., Roth Y., Hummel T., Schneidman E. & Sobel N. (2011) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Olfactory perception as a compass for olfactory neural maps

    Arzi A. & Sobel N. (2011) Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Abstract
  • Auditory aversive learning increases discrimination thresholds

    Resnik J., Sobel N. & Paz R. (2011) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Sniffing enables communication and environmental control for the severely disabled

    Plotkin A., Sela L., Weissbrod A., Kahana R., Haviv L., Yeshurun Y., Soroker N. & Sobel N. (2010) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Abstract

    Supplementary materials: DOI

  • Multisensory integration: an inner tongue puts an outer nose in context

    Yeshurun Y. & Sobel N. (2010) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Spatial Perception: Time Tells Where a Smell Comes From

    Arzi A. & Sobel N. (2010) Current Biology.
  • eNose predicts odor rating

    Sobel N. (2010) Trac-Trends In Analytical Chemistry.
  • Human olfaction: a constant state of change-blindness

    Sela L. & Sobel N. (2010) Experimental Brain Research. Abstract
  • The Influence of Odorants on Respiratory Patterns in Sleep

    Arzi A., Sela L., Green A., Givaty G., Dagan Y. & Sobel N. (2010) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • An Odor is Not Worth a Thousand Words: From Multidimensional Odors to Unidimensional Odor Objects

    Yeshurun Y. & Sobel N. (2010) ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY. Abstract
  • Predicting Odor Pleasantness with an Electronic Nose

    Haddad R., Medhanie A., Roth Y., Harel D. & Sobel N. (2010) PLoS Computational Biology. Abstract
  • Global Features of Neural Activity in the Olfactory System Form a Parallel Code That Predicts Olfactory Behavior and Perception

    Haddad R., Weiss T., Khan R., Nadler B., Mandairon N., Bensafi M., Schneidman E. & Sobel N. (2010) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • The Privileged Brain Representation of First Olfactory Associations

    Yeshurun Y., Lapid H., Dudai Y. & Sobel N. (2009) Current Biology. Abstract
  • Odorant Concentration Dependence in Electroolfactograms Recorded From the Human Olfactory Epithelium

    Lapid H., Seo H., Schuster B., Schneidman E., Roth Y., Harel D., Sobel N. & Hummel T. (2009) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • Spared and Impaired Olfactory Abilities after Thalamic Lesions

    Sela L., Sacher Y., Serfaty C., Yeshurun Y., Soroker N. & Sobel N. (2009) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • A Specialized Odor Memory Buffer in Primary Olfactory Cortex

    Zelano C., Montag J., Khan R. & Sobel N. (2009) PLoS ONE. Abstract
  • A metric for odorant comparison

    Haddad R., Khan R., Takahashi Y. K., Mori K., Harel D. & Sobel N. (2008) Nature Methods. Abstract
  • Predicting the receptive range of olfactory receptors

    Haddad R., Carmel L., Sobel N. & Harel D. (2008) PLoS Computational Biology. Abstract
  • Prediction models for the pleasantness of binary mixtures in olfaction

    Lapid H., Harel D. & Sobel N. (2008) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Working Memory Across Nostrils

    Yeshurun Y., Dudai Y. & Sobel N. (2008) Behavioral Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Measuring smells

    Haddad R., Lapid H., Harel D. & Sobel N. (2008) Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Abstract
  • Mechanisms of scent-tracking in humans

    Porter J., Craven B., Khan R. M., Chang S., Kang I., Judkewicz B., Volpe J., Settles G. & Sobel N. (2007) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Male behavior by knockout

    Spors H. & Sobel N. (2007) Neuron. Abstract
  • How the nose knows what it knows

    Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2007) Nature Neuroscience.
  • Methods for building an olfactometer with known concentration outcomes

    Johnson B. N. & Sobel N. (2007) Journal of Neuroscience Methods. Abstract

    Supplementary materials: DOI

  • Dissociated representations of irritation and valence in human primary olfactory cortex

    Zelano C., Montag J., Johnson B., Khan R. & Sobel N. (2007) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • Smelling a single component of male sweat alters levels of cortisol in women

    Wyart C., Webster W. W., Chen J. H., Wilson S. R., McClary A., Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2007) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Predicting odor pleasantness from odorant structure: Pleasantness as a reflection of the physical world

    Khan R. M., Luk C., Flinker A., Aggarwal A., Lapid H., Haddad R. & Sobel N. (2007) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Hedonic-specific activity in piriform cortex during odor imagery mimics that during odor perception

    Bensafi M., Sobel N. & Khan R. M. (2007) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • A comparison of methods for sniff measurement concurrent with olfactory tasks in humans

    Johnson B. N., Russell C., Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2006) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • The sniff is part of the olfactory percept

    Mainland J. & Sobel N. (2006) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Brain mechanisms for extracting spatial information from smell

    Porter J., Anand T., Johnson B., Khan R. & Sobel N. (2005) Neuron. Abstract
  • Attentional modulation in human primary olfactory cortex

    Zelano C., Bensafi M., Porter J., Mainland J., Johnson B., Bremner E., Telles C., Khan R. & Sobel N. (2005) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Humans as an animal model for systems-level organization of olfaction

    Zelano C. & Sobel N. (2005) Neuron. Abstract
  • Olfactory impairments in patients with unilateral cerebellar lesions are selective to inputs from the contralesional nostril

    Mainland J. D., Johnson B. N., Khan R., Ivry R. B. & Sobel N. (2005) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Odorant-specific patterns of sniffing during imagery distinguish 'bad' and 'good' olfactory imagers

    Bensafi M., Pouliot S. & Sobel N. (2005) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Sniffing a human sex-steroid derived compound affects mood and autonomic arousal in a dose-dependent manner

    Bensafi M., Tsutsui T., Khan R., Levenson R. & Sobel N. (2004) Psychoneuroendocrinology. Abstract
  • Neural processing at the speed of smell

    Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2004) Neuron. Abstract
  • Sniffing human sex-steroid derived compounds modulates mood, memory and autonomic nervous system function in specific behavioral contexts

    Bensafi M., Brown W., Khan R., Levenson B. & Sobel N. (2004) Behavioural Brain Research. Abstract
  • The prevalence of androstenone anosmia

    Bremner E. A., Mainland J. D., Khan R. M. & Sobel N. (2003) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Dissociated neural representations of intensity and valence in human olfaction

    Anderson A., Christoff K., Stappen I., Panitz D., Ghahremani D., Glover G., Gabrieli J. & Sobel N. (2003) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Olfactomotor activity during imagery mimics that during perception

    Bensafi M., Porter J., Pouliot S., Mainland J., Johnson B., Zelano C., Young N., Bremner E., Aframian D., Khan R. & Sobel N. (2003) Nature Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Rapid olfactory processing implicates subcortical control of an olfactomotor system

    Johnson B. N., Mainland J. D. & Sobel N. (2003) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • Sex-steroid derived compounds induce sex-specific effects on autonomic nervous system function in humans

    Bensafi M., Brown W., Tsutsui T., Mainland J., Johnson B., Bremner E., Young N., Mauss, Ray B., Gross J., Richards J., Stappen, Levenson R. & Sobel N. (2003) Behavioral Neuroscience. Abstract
  • Dissociating intensity from valence as sensory inputs to emotion

    Anderson A. K. & Sobel N. (2003) Neuron. Abstract
  • Olfactory plasticity - One nostril knows what the other learns

    Mainland J. D., Bremner E., Young N., Johnson B. N., Khan R. M., Bensafi M. & Sobel N. (2002) Nature. Abstract
  • The scented brain: Pheromonal responses in humans

    Sobel N. & Brown W. M. (2001) Neuron. Abstract
  • An impairment in sniffing contributes to the olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease

    Sobel N., Thomason M. E., Stappen I., Tanner C. M., Tetrud J. W., Bower J. M., Sullivan E. V. & Gabrieli J. D. E. (2001) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Abstract
  • Time course of odorant-induced activation in the human primary olfactory cortex

    Sobel N., Prabhakaran V., Zhao Z., Desmond J. E., Glover G. H., Sullivan E. V. & Gabrieli J. D. E. (2000) Journal of Neurophysiology. Abstract
  • Sniffing longer rather than stronger to maintain olfactory detection threshold

    Sobel N., Khan R. M., Hartley C. A., Sullivan E. V. & Gabrieli J. D. E. (2000) Chemical Senses. Abstract
  • Olfaction - The world smells different to each nostril

    Sobel N., Khan R. M., Saltman A., Sullivan E. V. & Gabrieli J. D. E. (1999) Nature. Abstract
  • Blind smell: brain activation induced by an undetected air-borne chemical

    Sobel N., Prabhakaran V., Hartley C. A., Desmond J. E., Glover G. H., Sullivan E. V. & Gabrieli J. D. E. (1999) Brain. Abstract
  • Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex

    Sobel N., Prabhakaran V., Desmond J., Glover G., Goode R., Sullivan E. & Gabrieli J. (1998) Nature. Abstract
  • Odorant-induced and sniff-induced activation in the cerebellum of the human

    Sobel N., Prabhakaran V., Hartley C. A., Desmond J. E., Zhao Z., Glover G. H., Gabrieli J. D. E. & Sullivan E. V. (1998) Journal of Neuroscience. Abstract
  • A method for functional magnetic resonance imaging of olfaction

    Sobel N., Prabhakaran V., Desmond J., Glover G., Sullivan E. & Gabrieli J. (1997) Journal of Neuroscience Methods. Abstract
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