### Induced superconductivity in the fractional quantum Hall edge

Gül Ö., Ronen Y., Lee S. Y., Shapourian H., Zauberman J., Lee Y. H., Watanabe K., Taniguchi T., Vishwanath A., Yacoby A. & Kim P.
(2021)
arXiv.

Topological superconductors represent a phase of matter with nonlocal properties which cannot smoothly change from one phase to another, providing a robustness suitable for quantum computing. Substantial progress has been made towards a qubit based on Majorana modes, non-Abelian anyons of Ising (Z2) topological order whose exchange−braiding−produces topologically protected logic operations. However, because braiding Ising anyons does not offer a universal quantum gate set, Majorana qubits are computationally limited. This drawback can be overcome by introducing parafermions, a novel generalized set of non-Abelian modes (Zn), an array of which supports universal topological quantum computation. The primary route to synthesize parafermions involves inducing superconductivity in the fractional quantum Hall (fqH) edge. Here we use high-quality graphene-based van der Waals devices with narrow superconducting niobium nitride (NbN) electrodes, in which superconductivity and robust fqH coexist. We find crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) across the superconductor separating two counterpropagating fqH edges which demonstrates their superconducting pairing. Our observed CAR probability of the integer edges is insensitive to magnetic field, temperature, and filling, which provides evidence for spin-orbit coupling inherited from NbN enabling the pairing of the otherwise spin-polarized edges. FqH edges notably exhibit a CAR probability higher than that of integer edges once fully developed. This fqH CAR probability remains nonzero down to our lowest accessible temperature, suggesting superconducting pairing of fractional charges. These results provide a route to realize novel topological superconducting phases with universal braiding statistics in fqH-superconductor hybrid devices based on graphene and NbN.