- Prof. Ruhama Even
- Dr. Michal Ayalon
- Tammy Eisenmann (Ex. Ph.D. student)
- Tova Kvatinsky (Ex. Ph.D. student)
- Dr. Naomi Robinson
- Boaz Silveman (Ph.D student)
A study of the contribution of the interactions among curricula, teachers, and classrooms in shaping students’ opportunities to learn mathematics.
In many countries, including Israel, a common response to calls to improve mathematics teaching and learning is the development of new curricula. However, the curriculum is only one factor involved in shaping students’ opportunities to learn mathematics. Numerous research studies highlight the prominent and indispensable role that teachers play in influencing how the curriculum is enacted in the classroom, and they underscore teachers’ central role in determining the nature of the learning experiences provided to students – a role that no curriculum program by itself can fulfill. Research also reveals that aspects not directly or solely related to the curriculum or the teacher, such as classroom-related aspects, are also involved in shaping students’ opportunities to learn mathematics. Yet, not much is known about how these factors interact. To date, the interplay of these factors has received little research attention and is often considered “noise” by researchers. This research program focuses purposely on studying the interactions among curricula, teachers, and classrooms in different situations. To study these interactions, we compare mathematics teaching and learning in different classrooms of the same teacher as well as of different teachers, and examine the enacted curricula, the teaching practices, the classroom culture, etc. All studies that belong to this research program – entitled Same Teacher – Different Classrooms – use the same novel research methodology: multiple case studies in which each case includes a teacher who teaches mathematics using the same curriculum program or syllabus in two classrooms. In this way, some aspects are kept relatively constant. The findings of the study show differences in mathematics taught between classrooms of teachers using the same textbook, but in different teaching approaches, as well as between different classrooms of the same teacher.