Work summary of Yossi Gudovitch
This research was focused on the development of a model that will enable students to perform a Web-based distance-learning hands-on lab activity. The research questions examined students' performances during the distancelearning and the factors that affected their level of understanding. The research...
was conducted according to the design research approach and included the following stages: 1. A pre-development study that included the following components: characterization of earth and environmental Sciences curriculum; survey of published models for Internet-based distance-learning and an analysis of students' attitudes regarding the integration of the Internet within their studies. 2. "Implementing a Design": this stage included a modification of the module "Greenhouse Effect, Carbon Cycle and Earth Systems" for web-based distance-learning. This program was implemented within a group of 34 twelve grades students. The outcome of the implementation enabled us to define basic guidelines for the development of the learning environment. 3. "Modifying Designs as You Proceed": this stage included adaptation of activities from "The Rock Cycle" unit and its implementation within 2 groups of 10 grades students (38 students) during two cycles of implementation. Data was collected before, during and after the implementation using a variety of qualitative and quantitative research tools including questionnaires, observations by an external observer, video, checking students’ answers, analyzing the synchronic support the students receive, analyzing students' use of the web site, interviews that took place before, during and after the implementation and interviews that used the repertory-grid technique. Data analysis enabled the definition of the guidelines for designing instructions which will ensure correct performance of the lab activity by the students. These guidelines refer to the physical environment of the activity and to the computerized instructions. Research outcomes indicated that most of the students succeeded conducting the web-based lab activities correctly, but only 20-30% of the students also understood the meaning of the lab activity. These students were identified as "focused" learners. The current findings and the literature review indicate that the performance of students during a web-based distancelearning lab is very similar to their performance during a conventional, teacher-based lab. The following recommendations were specified following this study: (1) It is possible to conduct a distance-learning based course of the Earth Sciences program for high school. (2) A model to identify students who are capable of taking part in a distance-leaning matriculation Earth Science program was suggested (3) It is suggested to adopt the computerized method for presenting lab activity instructions for a conventional teacher-based lab as well.